whereas the determination of the country of origin of the products is necessary for the application of various tariff and trade measures, since the application of these measures may depend on the origin of a product; Relevant measures include preferential tariff treatment under the GSP (generalised preference system) and EPAs (economic partnership agreements), WTO tariffs and anti-dumping duties. Japan has requested ratification by submitting the agreements to its bicameral legislation, the National Parliament. On November 19, 2019, the lower house of Parliament, the House of Representatives, voted on both agreements. On 4 December 2019, the Landtag approved the agreements after adoption by the Council, the House of Lords of the Landtag. In the absence of congressional approval in the United States, President Trump signed the agreements himself on December 26, 2019. Both agreements came into force on January 1, 2020. In addition to the identification of the special program indicator “JP” on customs documentation (Form CBP 7501) to benefit from the benefits of the U.S.-Japan trade agreement, An importer must declare a secondary HTSUS subheading (9921.01.01 or 9921.02.02) for the claimed product, must export the product from Japan and must include in its registration file a statement indicating that the imported product is considered to be originating in Japan. As with most other imports from the free trade agreement, the importer (or Japanese exporter) must provide additional information or documentation to demonstrate that imported products are of origin and can benefit from preferential tariff treatment, when Customs and Border Guards (CBP) continue to request. In accordance with other bilateral free trade agreements, Schedule II of the trade agreement contains the rules of origin and origin to determine whether a product can benefit from preferential treatment. For the purposes of the trade agreement, a good comes from Japan if it meets one of the following criteria: from the U.S. perspective, the trade agreement focuses on improving market access for U.S.